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Newark is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County. As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a census-estimated population of 282,011 in 2019, making it the nation's 73rd-most populous municipality, after being ranked 63rd in the nation in 2000.
Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony, Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Its location at the mouth of the Passaic River (where it flows into Newark Bay) has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Today, Port Newark–Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the U.S. East Coast.
Newark had a U.S. Census Bureau estimated population of 282,011 in 2019, making it the 73rd-most populous municipality in the United States, after being ranked 67th in 2010 and 63rd in 2000.
From 2000 to 2010, the increase of 3,594 inhabitants (+1.3%) from the 273,546 counted in the 2000 U.S. Census marked the second census in 70 years in which the city's population had grown from the previous enumeration.