A broad term used to refer to an individual who provides care to another individual who cannot care for him or herself due to a disability or functional limitation. This individual could provide nonmedical care such as help with bathing or eating or he/she could provide medically necessary care such as changing dressings. The care may be provided informally by a relative, friend or neighbor or by a paid individual who may or may not be a licensed professional. Sometimes referred to as a caretaker, though a caretaker is usually one that looks after or takes charge of goods and property.
More Common Terms
- Long Term Care (LTC) Health, personal and social care provided over a sustained period of time to individuals who are functionally or cognitively impaired. This may include in-home care, assisted living or skilled nursing facility.
- Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) A professional trained and certified to provide health services including technical nursing services, administration of medication, and changing of dressings.
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) A form of heart disease that is characterized by narrowing of the arteries that carry blood to the heart muscle preventing an adequate flow of blood and interrupting the supply of oxygen and other nutrients the heart requires.